Analysis Implementation of COVID-19 Prevention Policy for Disability in Social Institution (Case Study: Jakarta Capital City)

Cindy Margaretha, Dumilah Ayuningtyas

Abstract


One of the most vulnerable groups in the current COVID-19 pandemic situation is people with disabilities. People with disabilities generally have more health care needs, both standard needs and needs related to the disorders/limitations they have. As part of human beings and citizens of Indonesia, constitutionally persons with disabilities have the same rights and position before the law and government. This study aims to analyze the implementation of COVID-19 prevention policies at the social institutions for disability in Jakarta Capital City, provide information about the implementation, find out the obstacles, and recommend policymakers in the prevention of COVID-19 in social institutions with disabilities. This study used an exploratory study design with a rapid assessment survey approach, uses a secondary data analysis method which is supported by interviewing stakeholders at the Social Institutions in Jakarta Capital City that handle disabilities. The results of this study conclude that the overall implementation has been going well. The socialization and coordination process related to the COVID-19 prevention policy at the Social Institution for Disabilities in Jakarta Capital City has gone well among fellow officers but has communication barriers with residents.


Keywords


COVID-19 prevention policy; disability; implementation

Full Text:

PDF

References


 1. Radissa VS, Wibowo H, Humaedi S, Irfan M. Pemenuhan kebutuhan dasar penyandang disabilitas pada masa pandemi COVID-19. Focus J Pekerj Sos. 2020;3(1):61–9.

 2. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Disabilitas; 2016.

 3. Luthfia AR. Urgensi pemberdayaan penyandang disabilitas di masa pandemi. Kebijak J Ilmu Adm. 2020;11(2):38–44.

 4. Archika ND. Makalah coronavirus disease-19; 2020.

 5. United Nations. Policy brief: a disability-inclusive response to COVID-19. United Nations. 2020 p. 1–18.

 6. Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Pembangunan Manusiadan Kebudayaan. Menko PMK: kita bangun paradigma pemberdayaan untuk menyetarakan penyandang disabilitas; 2020.

 7. British Broadcasting Corporation. Covid: disabled people account for six in 10 deaths in england last year; 2021.

 8. Komite Penanganan COVID-19 dan Pemulihan Ekonomi Nasional. Gotong royong cegah klaster baru pada kelompok rentan; 2021.

 9. Marzuki I, Bachtiar E, Zuhriyatun F, Purba AMV, Kurniasih H, Purba DH, et al. COVID-19: seribu satu wajah. Cetakan 1. Kadir A, Simarmata J, editors. Yayasan Kita Menulis; 2021.

 10. Priamsari RRPA. Hukum yang berkeadilan bagi penyandang disabilitas. Masal Huk. 2019;48(2):215–23.

 11. Syafitri SA. Pemenuhan standar pelayanan minimal bagi penyandang disabilitas pada layanan transjakarta. Universitas YARSI; 2019.

 12. Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan Republik Indonesia. Undang-Undang (UU) nomor 11 tahun 2009 tentang kesejahteraan sosial. 2009 p. 31–47.

 13. Maftuhin A. Mengikat makna diskriminasi: penyandang cacat, difabel, dan penyandang disabilitas. Inklusi. 2016;3(2):139–62.

 14. Rahakbauw N, Salakory DM. Perlindungan sosial bagi perempuan disabilitas (studi di himpunan wanita disabilitas Indonesia (HWDI) Maluku). ARISTO. 2018;6(1):145–63.

 15. Perempuan Jiwa Sehat Indonesia. Webinar penyandang disabilitas penyintas COVID-19: rekomendasi aksi demi inklusi; 2020.

 16. Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan Republik Indonesia. Undang-undang (UU) nomor 8 tahun 2016 tentang penyandang disabilitas; 2016.

 17. Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan Republik Indonesia. Peraturan daerah Provinsi DKI Jakarta nomor 10 tahun 2011 tentang perlindungan penyandang disabilitas; 2011.

 18. Sakina AW, Rahmadi RYG, Widati W. Mainstreaming disabilitas dalam sistem manajemen bencana inklusif di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. J Acad Praja. 2021;4(1):1–22.

 19. Ayuningtyas D. Analisis kebijakan kesehatan prinsip dan aplikasi. Jakarta: Rajawali Press; 2018.

 20. Satuan Tugas Percepatan Penanganan COVID-19. Peta sebaran kasus per provinsi. Satgas COVID-19 Indonesia; 2021.

 21. World Health Organization. Updated WHO recommendations for international traffic in relation to COVID-19 outbreak; 2020 [cited 2020 Feb 29]

 22. Keputusan Presiden Republik Indonesia. Keputusan Presiden (Keppres) nomor 11 tahun 2020 tentang penetapan kedaruratan kesehatan masyarakat Covid-19. 2020 p. 1–2.

 23. Keputusan Presiden Republik Indonesia. Keputusan Presiden (Keppres) nomor 12 tahun 2020 tentang penetapan bencana nonalam penyebaran corona virus disease 2019 sebagai bencana nasional. 2020p. 1–3

 24. Dinas Sosial Provinsi DKI Jakarta. Surat edaran Kepala Dinas Sosial Provinsi DKI Jakarta nomor 04/SE/2020 tentang pencegahan virus corona di lingkungan panti sosial/ UPT Dinas Sosial Provinsi DKI Jakarta; 2020.

 25. Dinas Sosial Provinsi DKI Jakarta. Surat edaran Kepala Dinas Sosial Provinsi DKI Jakarta nomor 06/SE/2020 tentang kewaspadaan terhadap corona virus disease (COVID-19); 2020.

 26.MYS. Surat edaran, ‘kerikil’ dalam perundang-undangan. Hukumonline.com; 2015.

 27.Pusat Pengkajian Pancasila dan Konstitusi (PUSKAPSI) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Jember. Kedudukan surat edaran sebagai produk hukum dalam penanggulangan COVID-19. PUSKAPSI Fakultas Hukum Universitas Jember; 2020.

 28.Komite Penanganan COVID-19 dan Pemulihan Ekonomi Nasional. 3T (Testing, Tracing, Treatment); 2021.

 29.Huripah E. Pekerjaan sosial dengan disabilitas di Indonesia. Pekerj Sos. 2015;13(2).

 30.United Nations. Policy brief: a disability-inclusive response to COVID-19; 2020.

 31.Anggara S. Kebijakan publik. Bandung: CV Pustaka Setia; 2014.

 32.Goggin G, Ellis K. Disability, communication, and life itself in the COVID-19 pandemic. Heal Sociol Rev. 2020;168–76.

 33.Ataguba OA, Ataguba JE. Social determinants of health: the role of effective communication in the COVID-19 pandemic in developing countries. Glob Health Action. 2020;13(1).

 34.Rotarou ES, Sakellariou D, Kakoullis EJ, Warren N. Disabled people in the time of COVID-19: identifying needs, promoting inclusivity. J Glob Health. 2021;11:1–4

 35.Satispi E, Andriyani L, Gunanto D, Andiani D. The collaboration in socializing policies of COVID-19 pandemic. 2021;11(1):180–96.

 36. Lee M, Kang BA, You M. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) toward COVID-19: a cross-sectional study in South Korea. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1):1–10.

 37. Mladenov T, Brennan CS. The global COVID-19 disability rights monitor: implementation, findings, disability studies response. Disabil Soc; 2021.

 38. Subianto A. Kebijakan publik: tinjauan perencanaan, implementasi dan evaluasi. Surabaya: Brilliant; 2020.

 39. Wahab SA. Analisis kebijaksanaan : dari formulasi ke implementasi kebijaksanaan negara. 6th ed. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara; 2008.

 40.United Nations. Shared responsibility, global solidarity: responding to the socio-economic impacts of COVID-19. United Nations. 2020p. 1–26.

 41. Senjam SS. A persons-centered approach for prevention of COVID-19 disease and its impacts in persons with disabilities. 2021;283.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v0i0.5250

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.