Literasi Kesehatan Mental Orang Dewasa dan Penggunaan Pelayanan Kesehatan Mental

Trisni Handayani, Dian Ayubi, Dien Anshari

Abstract

ABSTRAK

Latar belakang. Prevalensi penduduk Indonesia yang menderita gangguan mental emosional mengalami peningkatan, dimana prevalensi sebesar 6% pada tahun 2013 meningkat menjadi 9,8% pada tahun 2018. Pelayanan kesehatan jiwa bagi setiap orang dengan masalah kejiwaan (ODMK) belum diwujudkan secara optimal di wilayah Kecamatan Bogor Timur. Masih sedikit ODMK yang memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan jiwa

Tujuan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan literasi kesehatan mental dengan pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan jiwa.

Metode. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross-sectional dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Responden adalah orang dengan masalah kejiwaan yang bertempat tinggal di Kecamatan Bogor Timur. Teknik multistage random sampling digunakan untuk memilih 139 responden. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara menggunakan kuesioner. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji regresi logistik ganda.

Hasil. Nilai rerata literasi kesehatan mental sebesar 73,08 (skala 100). Sebanyak 56,1% ODMK telah memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan jiwa dan 57,6% responden berumur ≥30 tahun. Pada mereka yang mempunyai literasi kesehatan mental tinggi, sebanyak 64,9% telah memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan jiwa. Hasil analisis multivariat menunjukkan hubungan signifikan antara literasi kesehatan mental dengan perilaku pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan jiwa pada ODMK setelah variabel jenis kelamin dan ketersediaan pelayanan kesehatan jiwa dikendalikan.

Kesimpulan. Orang dengan literasi kesehatan mental yang tinggi cenderung memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan jiwa dibanding dengan mereka dengan literasi rendah.

 

ABSTRACT

Background. In Indonesia, prevalence of emotional mental disorder has increased from 6% in 2013 to 9.8% in 2018. Mental health service has not optimally utilized by people with mental health problems in East Bogor sub-district.

Objective. This study aimed to determine the relationship of mental health literacy with mental health service use.

Method. This study used a cross sectional design with a quantitative approach. Respondents were people with mental health problems who lived in East Bogor Sub-District. A total of 139 respondents were selected using multistage random sampling technique. Data were collected by in-person interview using a questionnaire. Data were analysed using a multiple logistic regression test for multivariate model selection.

Results. The results of this study showed that the mean score of mental health literacy was 73.08 (scale of 100). There were 56.1% respondents utilized mental health services. As many as 57.6% respondents aged ≥30 years. Among those who have high mental health literacy, 64.9% of them have utilized mental health services.  Results from multivariate analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between mental health literacy and the use of mental health service in people with mental health problems, after adjustment with gender and mental health service availability.

Conclusion. People with high mental health literacy tended to use mental health services compared to those with low literacy.

Keywords

literasi kesehatan, kesehatan mental, pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan

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