Role Stress, Personality Types, Burnout, and Performance of Midwives in the Achievement of Postnatal Care Program in Surabaya

Elita Halimsetiono, Thinni Nurul Rochmah, Dewi Retno Suminar


The coverage of postnatal care program in Surabaya had declined since 2011–2013 and could not reach the target. This analytic study with an observational approach and a cross-sectional design was conducted during April–May 2015 to analyze the effect of role stress, personality types, and burnout on midwives’ performance in the achievement of postnatal care program in Surabaya. A total sample of 45 midwives was collected from eight public health care centers in Surabaya with basic emergency obstetric and neonatal care services. The method of accidental sampling was used for sample selection. The results of this study indicated that most of the midwives were aged 20–30 years and had an education level of diploma in midwifery. Furthermore, the majority of them were married and predominantly consisted of contract workers with work experiences of <5 and 5 to <10 years. In addition, most of the midwives did not have role stress and had an agreeableness personality type. However, the majority of them had mild burnout and showed mid-level performance. There was no influence of demographic characteristics, role stress, and personality types on burnout, whereas the performance was affected by role stress and personality types. The midwives’ performance was more influenced by personality types than by role stress.


Burnout; performance; personality type; role stress



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