Gambaran Pola Asuh Ibu dengan Balita Stunting dan Tidak Stunting di Kelurahan Tengah, Kecamatan Kramat Jati, DKI Jakarta

Hira Fitriani Aisyah

Abstract

Latar Belakang. Wilayah Jakarta Timur menduduki posisi lokasi fokus stunting, salah satunya di Kelurahan Tengah. Berdasarkan pengolahan data awal, diketahui prevalensi stunting pada enam posyandu di dua RW terpilih mencapai angka 25,9%.

Tujuan. Mengetahui perbandingan pola asuh balita stunting dan tidak stunting di Kelurahan Tengah, Kecamatan Kramat Jati

Metode. Penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan studi kasus melalui wawancara mendalam secara daring. Sampel dipilih secara purposive sampling sesuai kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi dengan 12 informan utama yang memiliki balita stunting dan tidak stunting usia 24-59 bulan, serta informan kunci terdiri dari, Tenaga Pelaksana Gizi dan kader posyandu.

Hasil. Hasil penelitian terhadap informan utama dengan balita stunting menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar ibu tidak memberikan ASI Eksklusif kepada anaknya, memberikan makan dengan frekuensi yang kurang, variasi makanan tidak beragam karena anak banyak diberikan jajanan. Selain itu, ibu dengan anak stunting juga mendapatkan dukungan psikososial yang rendah serta rendahnya partisipasi ke Posyandu.

Kesimpulan. Terdapat perbedaan antara pola asuh ibu dengan balita stunting dan ibu dengan balita tidak stunting

ABSTRACT

Background. East Jakarta region has become the primary location of stunting, one of which is Tengah Village. Based on the weighing and preliminary data, the prevalence of stunting in 6 Posyandu in the two selected RWs reached 25.9%.

Objective to find out the comparison of parenting patterns of stunting toddlers and non-stunting toddlers in Tengah Urban-Village, Kramat Jati Sub-District

Method. This research is qualitative, with a case-study approach and collected through in-depth online interviews. The sample was selected by purposive sampling, based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria which 12 main informants had stunting and not stunting toddlers aged 24-59 months and key informants consisting of Nutrition Workers in the Puskesmas Tengah and Posyandu cadres.

Results. The research results on key informants with stunting toddlers show that most mothers didn’t give exclusive breastfeeding to their children, provide food with less frequency, food variations are not varied because children are given a lot of snacks. Mothers with stunting toddlers also experienced low psychosocial support and low participation in Posyandu.

Conclusion. There is a difference between mothers with stunting toddlers' parenting patterns and mothers with non-stunting toddlers. 

 

Keywords

Stunting; Pola Asuh Ibu, Balita

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