Vol 3, No 1 (2022)

Analisis Pengaruh Faktor Personal dan Faktor Organisasi terhadap Perilaku Tidak Selamat pada Pekerja Konstruksi

Gavin Andre Irhandy, Dadan Erwandi

Abstract


Industri konstruksi merupakan salah satu sektor yang terdapat bahaya yang besar dan risiko cukup tinggi sehingga memungkinkan terjadinya kecelakaan kerja. Penelitian ini diilakukan agar dapat mengetahui pengaruh faktor risiko individu dan organisasi terhadap perilaku tidak aman atau substandart action pada pekerja konstruksi. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain studi yang bersifat cross sectional. Instrumen yang digunakan untuk pengambilan data antara lain kuesioner  dan penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Mei – Juli 2021diperoleh jumlah sampel sebanyak 165 responden proyek pembangunan stadion sport centre Banten. Penelitian ini menjelaskan bahwa usia memiliki pengaruh positif namun tidak signifikan terhadap perilaku tidak aman, sedangkan tingkat pendidikan, pengalaman kerja diproyek bersangkutan, rata-rata jam kerja mingguan, motivasi keselamatan, dan faktor organisasi memiliki pengaruh negatif namun tidak signifikan terhadap perilaku tidak aman. Dan pengetahuan keselamatan, psychological capital (efikasi diri, harapan, ketahanan, dan optimisme) memiliki pengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap perilaku tidak aman. Oleh karena itu, perlu dilakukan pengendalian dan intervensi untuk meminimalisir perilaku tidak aman atau (substandart action).

Keywords


Perilaku Keselamatan Organisasi, Industri Konstruksi, Motivasi Keselamatan, Pengetahuan Keselamatan, Perilaku Keselamatan, Psychological Capital

References


Al-Humaidi, H.M., Tan, F.H., 2010. Construction safety in Kuwait. J. Perform. Constr. Facil 24 (1), 70–77.

Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial (2015) Angka Kasus Kecelakaan Kerja Menurun (The number of work accident cases has decreased). Available at: https:- //www.bpjsketenagakerjaan.go.id/- berita/2943/Angka-Kasus-KecelakaanKerja-Menurun.html

Bird, F. E. J., and George L. Germain. "Practical loss control leadership. Loganville, Geogia: International Loss Control Institute." (1985).

Chua, D.K., Goh, Y.M., 2004. Incident causation model for improving feedback of safety knowledge. J. Constr. Eng. Manage. 130 (4), 542–551.

Dwipayana, Nisa Elvira, Lukman Handoko, and Vivin Setiani. "Pengaruh faktor Personal terhadap Perilaku Keselamatan (Safety Behavior) Pekerja di Perusahaan Kereta Api." Seminar K3. Vol. 2. No. 1. 2018

Endriastuty, Yenia, and Popon Rabia Adawia. "Analisa Hubungan Antara Tingkat Pendidikan, Pengetahuan Tentang K3 Terhadap Budaya K3 Pada Perusahaan Manufaktur." Jurnal Ecodemica 2.2 (2018)

Fang, D., Wu, C., Wu, H., 2015. Impact of the supervisor on worker safety behavior in construction projects. J. Manage. Eng. 31 (6), 04015001.

Galloway, Shawn M. "Climate and Culture Before, Not After, Behavior-Based Safety." Occupational health & safety (Waco, Tex.) 84.7 (2015): 102.

He, Changquan, et al. "Impact of psychological capital on construction worker safety behavior: Communication competence as a mediator." Journal of safety research 71 (2019): 231-241.

Heinrich, H. "Accidents costs in the construction industry." National Safety Council Transactions 6 (1938): 374-377.

Ikpe, E., Hammon, F., Oloke, D., 2012. Cost-benefit analysis for accident prevention in construction projects. J. Constr. Eng. Manage. 138 (8), 991–998.

International Labour Organization (2013) Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Sarana untuk Produktivitas (Work Safety and Health Safety and Health Facilities for Productivity).

Luthans, Fred, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio. "Psychological capital: Developing the human competitive edge." (2007).

Madigan, Ruth, David Golightly, and Richard Madders. "Application of Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) to UK rail safety of the line incidents." Accident Analysis & Prevention 97 (2016): 122-131

Manjula, N. H. C., and E. N. D. De Silva. "Factors influencing safety behaviours of construction workers." 3rd World construction symphosium 2014: Sustainability and development in built environment (2014): 256-264.

Manuele, Fred A. "Reviewing Heinrich: Dislodging two myths from the practice of safety." Professional Safety 56.10 (2011): 52-61.

Mohseni, P.H., Farshad, A.A., Mirkazemi, R., Orak, R.J., 2015. Assessment of the living and workplace health and safety conditions of site-resident construction workers in Tehran. Iran. Int. J. Occup. Saf. Ergon. 21 (4), 568–573.

Notoatmodjo, S. 2014. Ilmu Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta, Rineke Cipta: 20-32

OHSAS, BRITISH STANDARD. "18001: 2007." Occupational Health and Safety Management (2007).

Pidgeon, N. & O’Leary, M. 2000. Man-made disasters: why technology and organizations (sometimes) fail. Safety Science, 34, 15-30

Reason, James T. The human contribution: unsafe acts, accidents and heroic recoveries. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2008

Shematek, Gene. "Transitioning to WHMIS 2015-Introduction." Canadian Journal of Medical Laboratory Science 77.2 (2015): 15.

Suryanto, Suryanto, and Damairia Hayu Parmasari. "Knowledge and Motivation with Safe Behavior of Informal Sector Female Worker." KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat 15.3 (2020): 406-418.

Wanberg, J., Harper, C., Hallowell, M.R., Rajendran, S., 2013. Relationship between construction safety and quality performance. J. Constr. Eng. Manage. 139 (10), 04013003.

Wang, Dan, Xueqing Wang, and Nini Xia. "How safety-related stress affects workers’ safety behavior: The moderating role of psychological capital." Safety science 103 (2018): 247-259.


Full Text: XML

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.