Vol 3, No 1 (2022)

Analisis Hubungan Faktor Fisik dan Psikososial terhadap Keluhan Gangguan Otot Tulang Rangka Akibat Kerja pada Guru SMK Negeri di Kota Pekanbaru

Maria Yolanda Florensia, Baiduri Widanarko

Abstract


Gangguan otot tulang rangka akibat kerja (gotrak) menjadi salah satu permasalahan kesehatan kerja yang paling sering terjadi dan dialami oleh pekerja, termasuk guru. Tuntutan kerja yang banyak dan bervariasi serta postur tubuh yang janggal menjadi salah satu faktor risiko yang paling sering dialami. Selain itu, karakteristik individu juga menjadi faktor risiko dalam peningkatan keluhan tersebut. Sehingga, tujuan dilakukannya penelitian ialah untuk menganalisis hubungan antara karakteristik individu, faktor risiko fisik, dan faktor risiko psikososial terhadap keluhan gotrak pada guru SMK Negeri. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan April – Juli 2021 dengan menggunakan berbagai kuesioner, yaitu lembar NMQ, QEC, dan kombinasi kuesioner psikososial. Desain studi cross-sectional digunakan pada penelitian ini dan melibatkan 100 guru dari tiga SMK Negeri di Kota Pekanbaru. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan terdapat tiga variabel yang memiliki hubungan yang signifikan, yaitu: tingkat risiko pada pergelangan/tangan yang tinggi dan kendali terhadap pekerjaan yang rendah dengan keluhan pada leher serta dukungan sosial yang rendah dengan keluhan pada bahu. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan pengendalian dan intervensi lebih lanjut untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut.

Keywords


Keluhan Gangguan Otot Tulang Rangka Akibat Kerja (Gotrak), Guru, Karakteritik Individu, Faktor Fisik, Faktor Psikososial

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