Vol 3, No 1 (2022)

Gambaran Faktor Psikososial dan Gejala Stres Kerja pada Karyawan Kantor Proyek Pembangunan X Tahun 2021

Vania Widyadhari Haris Putri, L Meily Kurniawidjaja

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran persepsi pekerja terhadap faktor psikososial konteks dan konten pekerjaan serta mengetahui gejala stres kerja yang dikeluhkan karyawan. Variabel dependen adalah gejala stres kerja (fisik, psikologis, kognitif, dan perilaku), sedangkan variabel independen adalah faktor karakteristik individu (usia, jenis kelamin, pendidikan, masa kerja, dan tipe kepribadian), faktor psikososial konteks pekerjaan dan kontek pekerjaan. Desain penelitian cross sectional, pengambilan data kuesioner via daring dan melibatkan seluruh karyawan sebanyak 51 orang. Analisis univariat menggunakan perangkat lunak komputer. Persepsi faktor psikososial mengacu pada skor rata-rata, 1,00-3,00 tergolong buruk dan 3,01-5,00 tergolong baik. Hasil mendapatkan faktor psikososial konteks pekerjaan yang dipersepsikan buruk yaitu pengambilan keputusan/kontrol (2,92) dan hubungan rumah-kantor (2,34), sedangkan faktor psikososial konten pekerjaan yang dipersepsikan buruk yaitu lingkungan kerja (2,21), beban kerja/ritme kerja (2,63), dan jadwal kerja (2,03). Kategori stres mengacu pada skor rata-rata, 1,00-2,33 tergolong ringan, 2,34-3,67 sedang, dan 3,68-5,00 tinggi. Gejala stres kerja fisik, psikologis, kognitif, dan perilaku termasuk dalam kategori ringan dengan skor 2,14; 2,22; 2,33; 2,0 secara berurutan dan gejala yang tergolong sedang-tinggi dialami oleh 33,3%, 47,1%, 45,1%, dan 36,3% secara berurutan. Secara keseluruhan, faktor psikososial di kantor proyek pembangunan X tergolong buruk dengan keluhan gejala stres kerja ringan.

Keywords


Faktor Psikososial, Stres Kerja, Konstruksi

References


Azagba, S., & Sharaf, M. F. (2011). The effect of job stress on smoking and alcohol consumption. Health Economics Review, 1(15), 1–14.

Balakrishnamurthy, C., & Shankar, S. (2009). Impact of age and level of experience on occupational stress experienced by non-gazetted officers of the central reserve police force. Industrial Psychiatry Journal, 18(2), 81–83.

Beck, D., & Lenhardt, U. (2019). Consideration of psychosocial factors in workplace risk assessments: findings from a company survey in Germany. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 92(3), 435–451.

Bowen, P., Edwards, P., & Lingard, H. (2013). Workplace Stress Experienced by Construction Professionals in South Africa. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 139(4), 393–403.

Bowen, P., Edwards, P., Lingard, H., & Cattell, K. (2014). Occupational stress and job demand, control and support factors among construction project consultants. International Journal of Project Management, 32(7), 1273–1284.

Burr, H., Berthelsen, H., Moncada, S., Nübling, M., Dupret, E., Demiral, Y., Oudyk, J., Kristensen, T. S., Llorens, C., Navarro, A., Lincke, H. J., Bocéréan, C., Sahan, C., Smith, P., & Pohrt, A. (2019). The Third Version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. Safety and Health at Work, 10(4), 482–503.

Campbell, F. (2006). Occupational stress in the construction industry. Accessed on May 3, 2021 from https://www.ciob.org/sites/default/files/CIOB research - Occupational Stress in the Construction Industry 2006_0.pdf.

Cigna. (2019). 2019 Cigna 360 Well-Being Survey Well & Beyond. Accessed on May 3, 2021 from https://wellbeing.cigna.com.

Cooper, C. L., & Quick, J. C. (2017). The Handbook of Stress and Health A Guide to Research and Practice. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons.

Cox, T. (1993). Stress research and stress management: Putting theory to work. Nottingham: Health and Safety Executive.

Cox, T., Griffiths, A., & Rial-González, E. (2000). Research on work-related stress. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Dewe, P. J., O’Driscoll, M. P., & Cooper, C. L. (2010). Coping with Work Stress A Review and Critique (1st ed). Massachusetts: Wiley-Blackwell.

Dobnik, M., Maletič, M., & Skela-Savič, B. (2018). Work-Related Stress Factors in Nurses at Slovenian Hospitals-A Cross-Sectional Study Stresni Dejavniki Med Medicinskimi Sestrami V Slovenskih Bolnisnicah-Presecna Raziskava. Zdr Varst, 57(4), 192–200.

Dolan, S. L. (2007). Stress, Self-Esteem, Health and Work. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

EU-OSHA. (2007). Expert forecast on emerging psychosocial risks related to occupational safety and heath. In European Risk Observatory Report (Vol. 5). Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

EU-OSHA. (2009). OSH in figures: stress at work — facts and figures. In European Risk Observatory Report. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Haynes, S. G., Levine, S., Scotch, N., Feinleib, M., & Kannel, W. B. (1978). The Relationship of Psychosocial Factors To Coronary Heart Disease in The Framingham Study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 107(5).

Honda, A., Date, Y., Abe, Y., Aoyagi, K., & Honda, S. (2014). Work-related Stress, Caregiver Role, and Depressive Symptoms among Japanese Workers. Safety and Health at Work, 7(12).

Houtman, I., & Jettinghoff, K. (2007). Raising Awareness of Stress at Work in Developing Countries. In Protecting workers’ health series (Issue 6). World Health Organization.

HSE. (2020). Work-related stress, anxiety or depression statistics in Great Britain, 2020. In Annual Statistics. Accessed on March 23, 2021 from http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/lfs/index.htm.

Ibem, E. O., Anosike, M. N., Azuh, D. E., & Mosaku, T. O. (2011). Work stress among professionals in the building construction industry in Nigeria. Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building, 11(3), 46–57.

ILO. (2016). Workplace Stress: A Collective Challenge. ILO. Accessed on March 17, 2021 from https://www.ilo.org/global/topics/safety-and-health-at-work/resources-library/publications/WCMS_466547/lang--en/index.htm%0Ahttp://www.ilo.org/africa/media-centre/news/WCMS_477712/lang--en/index.htm.

Javaid, M. U., Isha, A. S. N., Sabir, A. A., Ghazali, Z., & Nübling, M. (2018). Does Psychosocial Work Environment Factors Predict Stress and Mean Arterial Pressure in the Malaysian Industry Workers? BioMed Research International, 2018.

Joshi, J. P., Paramasivan, L., Wahid, N. A., & Somu, H. (2020). Determinants of Work Stress for Construction Industry Employees in Malaysia. 141, 93–95.

Kabito, G. G., Wami, S. D., Chercos, D. H., & Mekonnen, T. H. (2020). Work-related Stress and Associated Factors among Academic Staffs at the University of Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia: An Institution-based Cross-sectional Study. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, 30(2), 223–232.

Kamardeen, I., & Sunindijo, R. Y. (2017). Personal Characteristics Moderate Work Stress in Construction Professionals. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 143(10).

Keshavarz, M., & Mohammadi, R. (2011). Occupational stress and organizational performance, case study: Iran. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 390–394.

Kompas. (2020). Survei PPM Manajemen: 80 Persen Pekerja Mengalami Gejala Stres Karena Khawatir Kesehatan. Accessed on May 3, 2021 from https://money.kompas.com/read/2020/06/05/133207026/survei-ppm-manajemen-80-persen-pekerja-mengalami-gejala-stres-karena-khawatir.

Lestari, N. D., & Rizkiyah, N. (2021). The workplace stress and its related factors among indonesian academic staff. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 9(T4), 70–76.

Llorens, C., Pérez-Franco, J., Oudyk, J., Burr, H., Berthelsen, H., Moncada, S., Nübling, M., & Dupret, E. (2019). COPSOQ III. Guidelines and questionnaire. Accessed on May 2, 2021 from https://www.copsoq-network.org/guidelines-and-questionnaire/.

Lunau, T., Siegrist, J., Dragano, N., & Wahrendorf, M. (2015). The association between education and work stress: Does the policy context matter? PLoS ONE, 10(3), 1–17.

Mahmood, A., Zamir, S., Qurat-ul-Ain, Nudrat, S., & Zahoor, F. (2013). Impact of age and level of experience on occupational stress of academic managers at higher educational level. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 4(1), 535–541.

Marinaccio, A., Ferrante, P., Corfiati, M., Di Tecco, C., Rondinone, B. M., Bonafede, M., Ronchetti, M., Persechino, B., & Iavicoli, S. (2013). The relevance of socio-demographic and occupational variables for the assessment of work-related stress risk. BMC Public Health, 13(1).

NIOSH. (1999). Stress at Work. U.S. Cincinnati: Department of Health and Human Services.

Pryor, P., & Capra, M. (2012). Psychosocial Hazards and Occupational Stress. In Core Body of Knowledge for the Generalist OHS Professional. Tullamarine: Safety Institute of Australia.

Quick, J. D., Horn, R. S., & Quick, J. C. (1987). Health consequences of stress. Journal of Organizational BBehavior Management, 8(2), 19–36.

Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health. (2007). Mental Health at Work: Developing The Business Case (Policy Paper 8). Accessed on May 1, 2021 from https://www.centreformentalhealth.org.uk/sites/default/files/2018-09/mental_health_at_work.pdf.

Saputra, C., Wahyuni, I., & Jayanti, S. (2017). Analisis Hubungan Tipe Kepribadian dan Persepsi Dimensi Desain Organisasi terhadap Tingkat Stres Kerja Karyawan Bagian Ironing Di PT X. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal), 5(5), 89–95.

Silva, N. De, & Samanmali, R. (2017). Managing occupational stress of professionals in large construction projects. Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 15(488–504).

WHO. (2010). Health Impact of Psychosocial Hazards at Work: An Overview. Geneva: WHO Press.

Wijono, S. (2006). Pengaruh Kepribadian Type A dan Peran Terhadap Stres Kerja Manajer Madya. Jurnal INSAN, 8(3), 188–197.


Full Text: XML

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.