Kualitas Lingkungan Kerja dan Kinerja Bidan Puskesmas dalam Pelayanan Kesehatan Ibu

Sri Purnama Rezeki, Dumilah Ayuningtyas

Abstract


Peningkatan angka kematian ibu dan kesenjangan cakupan pelayanan kesehatan ibu antar puskesmas, diasumsikan berhubungan dengan kinerja bidan yang dipengaruhi lingkungan tempat bekerja (puskesmas). Penelitian dengan desain potong lintang dengan metode kuantitatif dan kualitatif ini bertujuan mengetahui hubungan antara komponen quality of work life (QWL) dengan kinerja bidan puskesmas pada pelayanan kesehatan ibu. Studi ini dilaksanakan di 11 puskesmas wilayah kerja Kabupaten Bintan pada bulan Februari - Maret 2013. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan kuesioner pada 67 responden dan wawancara pada 10 informan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, hanya 35,8% bidan puskesmas mempunyai skor kinerja di atas rata-rata, beberapa puskesmas mempunyai skor komponen QWL di bawah rata-rata. Hubungan yang signifikan ditemukan antara komponen keterlibatan karyawan (nilai p = 0,005) dan rasa bangga terhadap institusi (nilai p = 0,039) dengan kinerja bidan puskesmas dalam pelayanan kesehatan ibu.

Increasing maternal mortality ratio and also gaps of the maternal health services scope among community health centers, assumed related to the performance of midwife clinics who is affected by the environment in which working (community health centers). This cross sectional study with quantitative and qualitative approaches aims to determine the relationship between Quality of Work Life (QWL) components with the midwives clinics performance in maternal health services. The study is implemented in 11 community health centers in working area Bintan Regency in February - March 2013. Data are collected by using questionnaires with 67 respondents and interview with 10 informants. Based on the study results, only 35.8% midwives clinics having performance scores above average, some community health center having component QWL scores below average. There is a relationship between employee engagement (p value = 0.005) and sense ofpride to the institution (p value = 0.039) with midwives clinics performance in maternal health services.


Keywords


angka kematian ibu; bidan; kinerja; quality of work life; maternal mortality ratio; midwives; performance

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v0i0.379

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