The Determinants of Stunting in 24-59 Month-Old Children in Kulon Progo District 2019

Chatrine Aprilia Hendraswari, Yuliasti Eka Purnamaningrum, Tri Maryani, Yani Widyastuti, Sakinah Harith

Abstract


This study pertains to stunting in children in Indonesian with z-scores of <-2 Standard Deviation (SD) and < -3 SD. The preliminary study results show the highest prevalence of stunting to be 22.6%, at the Temon II Primary Health Care in Kulon Progo Regency. The study aims to assess the determinants of stunting children aged 24–59 months. This study was conducted from September 2018–May 2019. The design of study was observational and analytic with the design of case-control. The sample was 60 children aged 24–59 months. The method utilized proportional sampling, whereas the data analysis applied chi-square and logistic regression.The analysis of statistical tests showed a significant correlation between the  stunting children and energy intake factor (p-value = 0.030; α = 0.05; CI = 95%). Risk factors were energy intake, protein intake, suffering from accute respiratory tract infections, and suffering diarrhea. A non-risk factor was immunization status. Protective factors were access to clean water and the history of exclusive breastfeeding. The most influential factor for stunting children aged 24–59 months was energy intake.


Keywords


determinant, energy intake, stunting



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v16i2.3305

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