Hubungan Pertambahan Berat Badan Selama Kehamilan dengan Berat Lahir Bayi di Sukaraja Bogor Tahun 2001- 2003

Elmy Rindang Turhayati

Abstract


Di Indonesia, pertambahan berat badan selama kehamilan umumnya rendah (<10 kg), padahal pertambahan berat badan tersebut merupakan indikator pertubuhan janin yang penting. Di Kabupaten Bogor, prevalensi ibu hamil penderita Kurang Energi Kronis (27.6%) adalah tinggi. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pertambahan berat badan selama kehamilan dan hubungannya dengan berat badan bayi baru lahir. Penelitian dengan disain potong lintang ini dilakukan pada 270 sampel ibu hamil yang melahirkan cukup bulan (>37 minggu), mengunakan metoda Regresi Logistik. Ditemukan proporsi bayi lahir dengan berat 2500-2999 gram adalah 47.8%. Rata-rata berat lahir adalah 3015 gram. Proporsi ibu dengan pertambahan berat badan selama kehamilan < 9 kg adalah 48.9 %. Rata-rata pertambahan berat badan selama kehamilan sebesar 9.1 kg. Variabel yang berhubungan secara bermakna bermakna dengan be-rat lahir adalah pertambahan berat badan selama kehamilan (p=0.000, OR 7.28, 95% CI OR; 4.25-12.46), dan asupan energi (p=0.000, OR 5.15, 95% CI; 2.976-8.913). Juga ditemukan interaksi antara asupan energi dengan pertambahan berat badan selama kehamilan.

Kata kunci : Pertambahan berat badan selama kehamilan, berat badan bayi.

Abstract

In indonesia, body weight gain among pregnant mother is low (<10 kg), even the body weight gain is an inportent indicator for embryo grouth. In district of Bogor, the pervalen of pregnen mother who safer from chronical energy deficiency (27.6%) is height The objective of this syudy is to know the mean of body weight gain among pregnant mother during the pregnancy and it relationship with her new born baby weight. The studi design used is crosssectional study design with sample size of 270 pregnent mother who deliverd during gestation period more than 37weeks, Analysis method used in this study is multiple regression method. The study result shows the proportion of 2500-2999 gram baby weight is 47.8%; The mean newborn beby weight is 3015 gram; the pro-portion of mother with body weight gain during pregnancy < 9 kg is 48.9 %. The mean of mother body weight gain during pregnancy is 9.1 kg. The variables related to newborn body weight statisticaly significance are mother body weight gain during pregnancy period, (OR 7.28, 95% CI OR; 4.25-12.46) and ener-gy intake (OR 5.15, 95% CI; 2.976-8.913). It also pointed out the interaction between energy intake and mother body weight gain during pregnecy.

Keywords: Pregnant mother body weight gain, newborn baby weight.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v1i3.310

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