e-ISSN 2598-3849       print ISSN 2527-8878

Vol 5, No 2 (2020)

Determinan Sosial Ekonomi Terhadap Berat Badan Lebih dan Obesitas di Indonesia: Analisis Data IFLS 2014

Fajar Nugraha, Riki Relaksana, Adiatma Y.M Siregar



Fenomena berat badan lebih dan obesitas menjadi masalah yang serius di berbagai negara khususnya di Indonesia. Menurut WHO, pada tahun 2016 terdapat 2,8 juta orang yang meninggal akibat masalah berat badan lebih dan obesitas, sedangkan menurut Kementerian Kesehatan Indonesia prevalensi berat badan lebih dan obesitas di Indonesia pada tahun 2018 mencapai angka 13,6% dan 21,8%. Salah satu faktor penyebab berat badan lebih dan obesitas adalah faktor sosial ekonomi. Namun sering terdapat perbedaan mengenai pengaruh status sosial ekonomi terhadap obesitas di negara berkembang dan negara maju. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui determinan dari status sosial ekonomi terhadap berat badan lebih dan obesitas. Data yang digunakan berasal dari Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) 5 tahun 2014 pada sampel berusia lebih dari 18 tahun. Analisis dilakukan dengan model Ordered Logistic Regression. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa secara statistik individu dengan status sosial ekonomi yang lebih tinggi memiliki peluang yang lebih tinggi untuk mengalami berat badan lebih dan obesitas. Oleh karena itu, sosialisasi program layanan kesehatan perlu ditingkatkan khususnya di lingkungan masyarakat dan sekolah guna meningkatkan pengetahuan, kesadaran, dan merubah pola hidup menjadi lebih sehat.


The phenomenon of overweight and obesity has become a serious problem in various countries, especially in Indonesia. According to WHO in 2016 there were 2.8 million people who died due to the problem of overweight and obesity, while according to the Indonesian Ministry of Health the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Indonesia in 2018 reached 13,6% and 21.8%. One of the factors that cause overweight and obesity is socio-economic status. However, there are often differences regarding the effect of socioeconomic status on obesity in developing and developed countries. This study aims to identify the determinant factors of socioeconomic status on overweight and obesity. The data used comes from the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) 5 in 2014 with samples are aged more than 18 years. The analysis was conducted by using the Ordered Logistic Regression model. The results of this study indicate that statistically, individuals with higher socioeconomic status have a higher chance of experience overweight and obesity. Therefore, the socialization of health care programs needs to be improved, especially in the community and schools to increase knowledge, awareness, and change lifestyles to be healthier.


(Obesitas, Status Sosial Ekonomi, Ordered Logistic Regression, IFLS) (Obesity; Socio-Economic Status; Ordered Logistic Regression; IFLS)


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DOI: 10.7454/eki.v5i2.4124


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