The Relationship between Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with Chronic Kidney Disease In Indonesian Population In 2014-2015 (Data Analysis of IFLS 5)

Tri Damayanti Simanjuntak, Tri Yunis Miko Wahyono


In 2010, the Global Burden of Disease research revealed that cases of chronic kidney disease had increased and became a serious health problem. Indonesia Basic Health Research data in 2013 revealed that the proportion of patients with chronic kidney failure aged ≥ 15 years old based on doctor's diagnosis was 0,2% and 0,6% kidney stones. Therefore the aim of the study is to analyze the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease in the population of Indonesia in 2014-2015. This type of research is observational with a cross-sectional design. The study used secondary data from the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) 5 in 2014-2015. The sampling technique used total sampling, which found 34,012 people who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The independent variables of this study are type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease as the dependent variable. Covariate variables are age, sex, smoking status, history of hypertension, and history of high cholesterol. Analysis bivariate of the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease in this study using chi square and multivariate analysis using logistic regression test. The magnitude of the effect expressed in the prevalence odds ratio (POR) with confident interval (CI: 95%.) This study shows the prevalence of chronic kidney disease in Indonesia population in 2014 – 2015 is 1%. The result of chi-square test of the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease in the Indonesian population showed POR=2.48 (p-value =0.0002; 95%CI 1.422-4.071). Multivariate analysis with logistic regression tests shows that smoking status, history of high cholesterol, and history of hypertension influence the relationship of type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease.


chronic kidney disease; type 2 diabetes mellitus; IFLS 5; Indonesia

Full Text:



Reuntens AT, Alkins RC. Chronic kidney disease (CKD): the scope of the global problem. In: Nahas M El, Levin A, editors. Chronic Kidney Disease : A Practical guide to understanding and managemment. UK: Oxford University Press; 2010.

Kemenkes RI. Ginjal Kronis [Internet]. Kementeri. Kesehat. Republik Indones.2017;Available from:

Kemenkes RI. Pokok-Pokok hasil Riskesdas Indonesia 2013 [Internet]. 2013. Available from:

Alemu H, Hailu W, Adane A. Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease and Associated Factors among Patients with Diabetes in Northwest Ethiopia: A Hospital-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Curr Ther Res - Clin Exp [Internet] 2020;92:100578. Available from:

Zimmet P, Cameron A, Shaw J. The Diabetes Epidemic: Genes and Environment Clashing. In: Ganz M, editor. Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes. England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.

Rand. RAND IFLS-5 Survey Description [Internet]. 2016;Available from:

Anggota IKAPI. Agar Pankreas Sehat. Jakarta: PT Elex Media Komputindo; 2012.

Kahn CR, Weir GC, King GL, Jacobson AM, Moses AC, Smith RJ. Diabetes Melitus. Fourth Edi. Boston: Joslin Diabetes Center; 2005.

Susianti H. Memahami Interpretasi Pemeriksaan Laboratorium Penyakit Ginjal Kronis. Malang: UB Press; 2019.

Marcus A, Wang W. Design, User Experience, Usability : Apllication Domain. Switzerland: Springer; 2019.

Aljabri K. Serum lipid profiles in patients with chronic kidney disease in a Saudi population. Endocrinol Int J 2019;7(1):41–6.

Damtie S, Biadgo B, Baynes HW, Ambachew S, Melak T, Asmelash D, et al. Chronic Kidney Disease and Associated Risk Factors Assessment among Diabetes Mellitus Patients at A Tertiary Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. Ethiop J Heal Sci 2018;Vol. 28(6):691–9.

Xu X, Wang Y, Zhong B, Li Y, Qin X, Wang B, et al. Relationship of diabetes with renal dysfunction in hypertensive adults. Med (United States) 2017;96(24).

Tandra H. Dari Diabetes Menuju Ginjal. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama; 2018.

Marewa LW. Kencing Manis (Diabetes Melitus) di Sulawesi Selatan. Jakarta: Pustaka Obor Indonesia; 2015.

Arici M. Management of Chronic Kidney Disease: A Clinician’s Guide [Internet]. 2014. Available from:

Hasslacher C, Bohn S. Diabetes and the kidney. German: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2004.

Alam S, Hadibroto I. Gagal Ginjal. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama; 2007.



  • There are currently no refbacks.