Penggunaan Konsep Lean untuk Meningkatkan Efisiensi Pelayanan Instalasi Farmasi Rawat Jalan di Rumah Sakit Anna Medika Bekasi

Zahra Lintya Dima

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional yang dimulai tanggal 1 Januari 2014 merupakan bentuk transformasi sekaligus reformasi pelayanan kesehatan di Indonesia. Dalam pelaksanaannya, instalasi farmasi dituntut untuk meningkatkan mutu pelayanannya secara berkelanjutan sehingga pelayanan kefarmasian dapat menjadi efisien dan efektif dalam biaya. Lean merupakan sebuah sistem manajemen yang sepenuhnya berfokus pada efisiensi, dengan tujuan mengurangi biaya, siklus waktu layanan dan persediaan. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan April–Mei 2016 di Instalasi Farmasi Rawat Jalan dengan titik fokus pada alur proses resep obat non puyer, menggunakan metode action research dengan melakukan pendekatan kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menggunakan konsep lean diketahui bahwa waktu proses untuk pengerjaan resep obat non puyer lebih besar dari waktu tempo yang ada. Hal ini menunjukkan instalasi farmasi rawat jalan belum mampu memenuhi kebutuhan pasien, adanya kekurangan jumlah sumber daya manusia pada shift siang, diperlukan tambahan sumber daya pendukung untuk membantu kelancaran pelayanan serta perlu dilakukan desain ulang pada alur proses pengerjaan resep obat non puyer. Desain baru tersebut dapat menghasilkan peningkatan persentase aktivitas value added sebanyak 22,73% yaitu dari 35,89% menjadi 58,62%. Untuk menjamin alur proses pelayanan baru dapat berjalan secara konsisten dan berkelanjutan, diusulkan ide perbaikan yang dibagi kedalam tiga tahap, yaitu jangka pendek, jangka menengah dan jangka panjang.

 

ABSTRACT

The National Health Insurance which was launched on January 1, 2014, is a form of transformation and reformation of health services in Indonesia. In implementation of the JKN, Hospital Pharmacy Installation is forced to improve its quality service sustainably in order to achieve cost effective and efficient service. Lean is a management system that fully focuses on effiency with the objectives to reduce stock, service cycle time and cost. Research was conducted on outpatient pharmacy installation service at Anna Medika Bekasi Hospital in April to May 2016. It focuses on prescription process flow of non-pulvis medicine using action research method with qualitative and quantitative approach. Lean concepts has been applied in this research. The result shows that the cycle time required for processing prescription of non-pulvis medicine is longer than the takt time. It indicates that outpatient pharmacy installation service is unable to fullfil the patient demand, there is lack of human resources on day shift, additional resources are required to support the service and process flow of non-pulvis medicine needs to be redesigned. This new design could result to increment 22.73% of value added activities from 35,89% to 58,62% To ensure the new process flow runs consistently and sustainably, some improvements, which are divided into short, medium and long term, are suggested. 


Keywords


lean concept; pharmacy; process flow; prescription; non-pulvis medicine

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/arsi.v2i1.2193

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