Hubungan Antara Pengetahuan dan Sikap dengan Perilaku Pencegahan COVID-19 Pada Peserta Seminar Online STIKes Raflesia 7 April 2020

Susilawati Gunawan, Iis Sinsin, Andri Yan Prima Zani

Abstract

Latar Belakang. Awal tahun 2020, dunia mengalami guncangan pandemi COVID-19. Peningkatan jumlah kasus berlangsung cepat, dan menyebar ke berbagai negara. Penyebaran yang cepat dan jumlah kasus yang meningkat secara eksponensial mengakibatkan pentingnya sosialisasi dan edukasi pencegahan dan pengendalian penyebaran penyakit menular ini. Masyarakat perlu memainkan peran untuk memutus mata rantai penularan COVID-19 dengan menerapkan protokol kesehatan.

Tujuan. Untuk mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap dengan perilaku pencegahan masyarakat dalam upaya pencegahan penyebaran COVID-19.

Metode. Menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan desain potong lintang (cross-sectional). Pengumpulan data dengan menyebarkan kuesioner secara online menggunakan platform google form kepada peserta seminar COVID-19 di STIKes Raflesia Depok. Populasi adalah seluruh peserta seminar COVID-19 di STIKes Raflesia tanggal 7 April 2020 sebanyak 310 peserta. Sampel adalah 260 peserta yang mengisi kuesioner dengan lengkap. Analisis data menggunakan multivariat uji regresi logistik ganda.   

Hasil. Hasil penelitian ini menemukan pengetahuan responden mengenai COVID-19 71,2% baik, sikap responden sebanyak 74,6% positif dan perilaku responden menunjukan 59,2% baik.

Kesimpulan. Tidak diketemukan hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan yang baik akan menghasilkan sikap yang positif dan perilaku yang baik dalam pencegahan COVID-19.

 

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Early in 2020, the world was shocked by the COVID-19 pandemic. The increasing number of cases was fast and spread to various countries. The rapid spread and the number of cases increasing have resulted in the importance of socialization and education on preventing and controlling this infectious disease. The community must play a role in breaking the chain of COVID-19 transmission by implementing health protocols.

Objective. to find out the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the community to prevent the spread of the COVID-19

Methods. used a quantitative approach with a cross-sectional design by distributing questionnaires online using the google form platform to the participants of the COVID-19 Seminar at STIKes Raflesia Depok. The population is all participants of the COVID-19 seminar at STIKes Raflesia on 7th April 2020, totaling 310 participants. Thus, the sample was 260 participants who filled out the questionnaire completely. Data analysis used multivariate multiple logistic regression test.

Results. The survey results showed that the respondents' knowledge about COVID19 was 71.2% good, the attitude showed 74.6% positive and the respondent's behavior showed 59.2% well

Conclusion. There was no significant relationship between good knowledge resulting in a positive attitude and good behavior in preventing COVID-19.

Keywords

pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku, pencegahan, COVID-19

Full Text:

pdf

References

Chen Y, Liu Q, Guo D. Emerging coronaviruses: Genome structure, replication, and pathogenesis. Journal of Medical Virology. 2020;92(4):418-23.

Du Z, Xu X, Wu Y, Wang L, Cowling B, Meyers LA. Serial Interval of COVID-19 among Publicly Reported Confirmed Cases. Emerging Infectious Disease journal. 2020;26(6):1341

Kementrian Kesehatan, Pedoman Pencegahan Dan Pengendalian Coronavirus Disesase (Covid-19) revisi ke V. 2020.

Susilo AR, Cleopas Martin. Pitoyo, Ceva Wicaksono. Santoso, Widayat Djoko . Yulianti, Mira. Herikurniawan, Herikurniawan. et.al. Coronavirus Disease 2019: Tinjauan Literatur Terkini. Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia. 2020;7 . No. 1

Farisa CF. Angka Kematian akibat Covid-19 di Indonesia Lebih Tinggi dari Rata-rata Dunia: Kompas; 2020 https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2020/08/31/17050911/angka-kematian-akibat-covid-19-di-indonesia-lebih-tinggi-dari-rata-rata

Hadiwardoyo W. Kerugian Ekonomi Nasional Akibat Pandemi Covid-19. Journal of Business and Enterpreneurship.2(2), 83–92.

Eka Satya V. Pemeriksaan Pengelolaan Dana Penanganan Pandemi Covid-19, Kajian Singkat Terhadap Isu Aktual Dan Strategis, Bidang Ekonomi Dan Kebijakan Publik Jakarta: Pusat Penelitian Badan Keahlian DPR RI; 2020.

Mardiyah, Rahma Aiunul et all. Dampak Pandemi Covid-19 Terhadap Peningkatan Angka Pengangguran Di Indonesia. 2020 http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.26751/Jikk.V11.

Hanoatubun, Silpa. Dampak Covid – 19 Terhadap Perekonomian Indonesia. Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana. Edu PsynCounsJournal Volume 2 Nomor 1 (2020) ISSN Online : 2716-4446.

Pakpahan AK. Covid-19 Dan Implikasi Bagi Usaha Mikro, Kecil, Dan Menengah. Jurnal Ilmiah dan Hubungan Internasional. 2020.

Bahtiar, Rais. Agil, Saragih, Juli Panglima. Dampak Covid-19 Terhadap Perlambatan Ekonomi Sektor UMKM. Info singkat kajian bidang ekonomi dan kebijakan public. 2020

Setiawan, Katarina Chief Economist & Investment Strategist Manulife Investment Indonesia. COVID-19: Disruption, not Destruction. Manulife Invenstment Management. 2020.

Peng, Y. et al., 2020. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Associated with COVID-19 among. Research square.

Marni.Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat (PHBS) Strategi Pencegahan Penyebaran Virus Covid-19. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Hardiknas Vol. 1. 2020 http://proceedings.ideaspublishing.co.id/index.php/hardiknas/issue/view/1

Zukmadini. Edukasi Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat (PHBS) dalam Pencegahan COVID-19 Kepada Anak-Anak di Panti Asuhan. Jurnal Magister Pendidikan IPA. 2020 : Vol 3 No 1.

Cheng VC, Wong SC, Chuang VW, et al. The role of community-wide wearing of face mask for controlof coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic due to SARS-CoV-2. J Infect. 2020.doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2020.04.024.

Dzakwan, Memetakan Kesiapan Pemerintah Daerah dalam Menangani COVID-19. Jakarta:Disaster Management Research Unit, CSIS Indonesia. 2020

Zhong BL, Luo W, Li HM, et al. knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak: a quick online cross-sectional survey. Int J Biol Sci. 2020;16(10):1745-1752. Published 2020 15th March. doi:10.7150/ijbs.45221

Yanti, B., Wahyudi, E., Wahiduddin, W., Novika, R. G. H., Arina, Y. M. D., Martani, N. S., & Nawan, N. Community Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior Towards Social Distancing Policy As Prevention Transmission of Covid-19 in Indonesia. Jurnal Administrasi Kesehatan Indonesia,2020. 8(2), 4. https://doi.org/10.20473/jaki.v8i2.2020.4-14

Sukesih, et al. Pengetahuan dan Sikap Mahasiswa Kesehatan tentang Pencegahan Covid_19 di Indonesia. 2020. . Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.26751/Jikk.V11

Utami, Ressa Andriyani, Sumi Lestari. Sikap Warga Kampung Wisata Warna-Warni (Nani) Terhadap Pandemi Covid-19. Seminar Nasional Psikologi UM. 2020.

Purnamasari, Iak, et all. Tingkat Pengetahuan Dan Perilaku Masyarakat Kabupaten Wonosobo Tentang Covid -19. 2020. https://ojs.unsiq.ac.id/index.php/jik/issue/view/92

Malik, F., Bafadal, M., Wahyuni, & Sahidin. Edukasi Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat (PHBS), Gerakan Menggunakan Masker (GEMAS), serta penggunaan antiseptik dan desinfektan di Desa La Nipa Nipa, Kecamatan Katoi, Kolaka Utara, Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, 2020 1(3), 154–159. https://doi.org/10.29303/jpmpi.v3i1.440.

Al-Hanawi MK, Angawi K, Alshareef N, et al. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Toward COVID-19 Among the Public in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Front Public Health. 2020;8:217. Published 2020 27th May. doi:10.3389/fpubh.2020.00217

Yang, K, Liu, H, Ma, L, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice of residents in the prevention and control of COVID‐19: An online questionnaire survey. J Adv Nurs. 2021; 77: 1839– 1855. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.14718

Saefi, M., Fauzi, A., Kristiana, E., Adi, W. C., Muchson, M., Setiawan, M. E., Ramadhani, M. Survey data of COVID-19-related knowledge, attitude, and practices among indonesian undergraduate students. Data in Brief. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.105855.

Rahul Ranjan | Gopi Krishna Ranjan. Knowledge Regarding Prevention of Novel Coronavirus COVID 19 An Electronic Cross Sectional Survey among Selected Rural Community. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development. 2020

Moudy, J, et al. Pengetahuan terkait Usaha Pencegahan Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) di Indonesia Higeia 4 (3) (2020). Higeia Journal Of Public Healthresearch And Development. http://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/higeia

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.