Hubungan Kebutuhan Pelayanan Keluarga Berencana pada Remaja Belum Kawin dengan Niat Menggunakan Kontrasepsi di Masa Dewasa (Analisis SDKI 2017)

Tiara Adella, Rita Damayanti, Martya Rahmaniati Makful

Abstract

Latar Belakang. Indonesia adalah negara dengan populasi terbanyak di Asia Tenggara. Dalam mengantisipasi masalah laju pertumbuhan penduduk, Pemerintah mempersiapkan program Keluarga Berencana dan salah satu sasarannya adalah remaja.

Tujuan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kebutuhan pelayanan keluarga berencana pada remaja belum kawin dengan niat menggunakan kontrasepsi di masa dewasa

Metode. Penelitian menggunakan kuantitatif analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Kuesioner yang digunakan Remaja Pria (RP) dan Wanita Usia Subur (WUS). Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh remaja belum kawin di Indonesia dengan sampel berjumlah 18.464 responden.

Hasil. 82,6% remaja yang berniat menggunakan kontrasepsi di masa dewasa. Hasil uji chi-square terdapat hubungan antara kebutuhan pelayanan KB pada remaja belum kawin dengan niat menggunakan kontrasepsi di masa dewasa. Hasil analisis multivariat, ada hubungan antara kebutuhan pelayanan KB pada remaja belum kawin dengan niat menggunakan kontrasepsi di masa dewasa setelah di kontrol variabel perancu.

Kesimpulan. Remaja pria belum kawin yang tidak butuh pelayanan KB, terpapar media massa, memiliki pengetahuan <4 alat/cara KB lebih tidak berniat menggunakan kontrasepsi di masa dewasa.

 

ABSTRACT

Background. Indonesia is the country with the most population in Southeast Asia. In anticipating a Population Growth Rate problem, the government is preparing a family planning program with youth as one of the targets.

Objective. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the need for family planning services in unmarried adolescents and the intention to use contraception in adulthood.

Method. The study is quantitative analytic with a cross-sectional approach. The questionnaire used by Adolescent Men (RP) and Women of Fertile Age (WUS). The population in this study were all unmarried adolescents in Indonesia, with sample amount 18,464 respondents.

Results. 82.6% of adolescents intend to use contraception in the future. Chi-square test results show a relationship between the need for family planning services for unmarried adolescents with the intention to use contraception in adulthood. The result of the multivariate analysis shows a relationship between the need for family planning services for unmarried adolescents with the intention to use contraception in adulthood after being controlled for confounding variables.

Conclusion: Unmarried male adolescents who do not need family planning services, are exposed to mass media, have knowledge of <4 methods/methods of contraception and do not intend to use contraception in adulthood.

Keywords

kebutuhan, keluarga berencana, niat, remaja

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