Respon Perokok Remaja Terhadap Peringatan Kesehatan Bergambar di Bungkus Rokok

Leni Nurahmi, Rita Damayanti

Abstract

Background. Smoking is a risk of chronic and deadly diseases in the world. In 2014, 80% of 5.8 billion smokers in the world started smoking at 17.6 years old. Pictorial health warning on cigarette pack was implemented since 24 June 2014 in Indonesia to protect teenagers from smoking.

Objective. This study aimed to assess teenage smokers’ responses toward pictorial health warning on cigarette pack in Depok City.

Method. This cross-sectional study used a questionnaire from the Center for Health Research Universitas Indoonesia.

Result. We found differences in fear, severity, response efficacy and intention. We found no differences in susceptibility, self efficacy, acceptance and ignorance to pictorial health warning.

Keyword: pictorial health warning, fear appeal, teenage smoker.

Keywords

pictorial health warning, fear appeal, teenage smoker

Full Text:

PDF

References

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2009). Laporan Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar Propinsi Jawa Barat Tahun 2007. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Departemen Kesehatan RI.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2010). Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2010. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Bapeda dan Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Depok. (2012). Kota Depok dalam Angka. Depok: Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Depok.

Clayton, R. R., Caudill, C. A., & Segress, M. J. (2009). Tobacco Use and Adolescent Health. (R. J. DiClemente, J. S. Santelli, & R. A. Crosby, Eds.) San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass.

Dewi, N. C., & Damayanti, R. (2008). Perbedaan Persepsi Gambar Peringatan Bahaya Merokok antara Masyarakat Jakarta dan Cirebon. Kesmas, 76-82.

Elder, J. P., Geller, E. S., Hovell, M. F., & A, J. (1994). Motivating Health Behavior. New York: Delmar Publishers Inc.

Eriksen, M., Machay, J., Schluger, N., Gomeshtapeh, F. I., & Drope, J. (2015). The Tobacco Atlas. Tobacco Atlas Org.

Eurobarometer Qualitative Study. (Maret 2012). Tobacco Packaging Health Warning Labels.

Ganley, B. J., & Rosario, D. I. (Januari 2013). The Smoking Attitudes, Knowledge, Intent, and Behaviors of Adolescents and Young Adults: Implications for Nursing Practice. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 40-50.

Hammond, D., & Reid, J. L. (2012). Health Warnings on Tobacco Products:International Practices. Salud Publica Mex, 270-280.

Hammond, D., Thrasher, J., Reid, J. L., Driezen, P., Boudreau, C., & Santillan, E. A. (2012). Perceived Effectiveness of Pictorial Health Warnings Among Mexican Youth and Adults: A Population-Level with Potential to Reduce Tobacco-Related Inequities. Cancer Causes Control, 57-67.

Kees, J., Burton, S., Andrews, J. C., & Kozup, J. (2010). Understanding How Graphic Pictorial Warnings Work on Cigarette Packaging . Journal Public Policy and Marketing, 115-126.

Notoatmodjo, S. (2002). Metode Penelitian Kesehatan (Revisi ed.). Jakarta: Rhineka Cipta.

Popova, L. (2012). The Extended Parallel Process Model: Illuminating The Gaps in Research. Sage, 455-473.

Pusat Penelitian Kesehatan Universitas Indonesia & Badan Narkotika Nasional Kota Depok. (Desember 2012). Survei Penyalahgunaan dan Peredaran Gelap Narkoba pada Kalangan Pelajar/ Mahasiswa Di Kota Depok Tahun 2012. Depok: Pusat Penelitian Kesehatan Universitas Indonesia.

Rahmawati, A. A. (2015). Persepsi Remaja terhadap Kesan Menakutkan pada Peringatan Kesehatan Bergambar di Bungkus Rokok Ditinjau dari The Extended Parallel Process Model. Depok: Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia.

Rains, S. A., & Turner, M. M. (2007). Psychological Reactance and Persuasive Health Communication: ATest and Extension of the Intertwined Model. Human Communication Research, 241-269.

Santrock, J. W. (1990). Adolescence (4th ed.). USA: Wm. C. Brown Publishers.

Sigelman, C. K., & Rider, E. A. (2012). Life-Span: Human Development 7e. Kanada: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Tharsher, J. F., Hammond, D., Fong, G. T., & Arrilo-Santilan, E. (2007). Smoker`s Reactions to Cigarette Package Warning with Graphic Imagery and with Only Text. Salud Publica Mex, S233-S240.

The Brief Tobacco Training Program. (n.d.). Retrieved Maret 3, 2012, from The Brief Tobacco Training Program: http://ndri.curtin.edu.au/btitp/documents/Fagerstrom_test.pdf

The Tobacco Atlas. (2015). The Tobacco Atlas. Retrieved Maret 19, 2015, from The Tobacco Atlas: http://www.tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/

TNS Qual+, Directorate-General for Health and Consumers. (2012, Maret). Eurobarometer Qualitative Study. Tobacco Packaging Health. Retrieved Maret 25, 2015, from http://ec.europa.eu/

Witte, K. (1992). Putting The Fear Back Into Fear Appeals: The Extended Parallel Process Model. Communication Monographs, 330-349.

Witte, K. (1994). Fear Control and Danger Control: A Test of The Extended Parallel Process Model (EPPM). Communication Monographs, 113-134.

World Health Organization. (2014). The Top 10 Causes of Death. Geneva: WHO.

World Health Organization. (2015, Januari 5). World Health Organization. Retrieved Januari 27, 2015, from World Health Organization: http://www.who.int/fctc/signatories_parties/en/

World Health Organization. (n.d.). Addiction to Nicotine. Geneva: World Health Organization.

World Health Organization Regional Office for South East Asia. (2012). Global Adult Tobacco Survey: Indonesia Report 2011. Jakarta: National Institute of Health Research and Development.

World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific. (2001). Health Research Methodology: A Guide for Training in Research Methods (2nd Edition ed.). Manila: World Health Organization.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.