Mutu Pelayanan Puskesmas Perawatan yang Berstatus Badan Layanan Umum Daerah

Putu Ayu Indrayathi, Rina Listyowati, Ni Made Sri Nopiyani, Luh Putu Sinthya Ulandari

Abstract


Kebijakan pusat pelayanan kesehatan masyarakat (puskesmas) sebagai Badan Layanan Umum Daerah (BLUD) diimplentasikan untuk meningkatkan kualitas pelayanan kesehatan dasar. Kebijakan BLUD puskesmas telah diterapkan di Kabupaten Gianyar sejak tahun 2010 dan berlaku pada puskesmas perawatan maupun nonperawatan. Pelaksanaan BLUD puskesmas tidak selalu meningkatkan mutu layanan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui gambaran mutu pelayanan puskesmas perawatan yang berstatus BLUD di Kabupaten Gianyar. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian potong lintang dengan pendekatan kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Tempat dan waktu penelitian ini dilakukan di Kabupaten Gianyar, Agustus hingga Desember 2013. Data kuantitatif dikumpulkan melalui penyebaran kuesioner kepada 105 pengguna layanan di empat puskesmas yang dipilih dengan cara multistage random sampling. Data kualitatif dikumpulkan melalui wawancara mendalam kepada 13 penyedia pelayanan kesehatan yang dipilih secara purposive sampling. Data kuantitatif dianalisis secara deskriptif dan data kualitatif dianalisis dengan analisis tematik. Dari hasil penelitian, pelayanan di puskesmas perawatan berstatus BLUD di Gianyar dinilai kurang memuaskan karena keterbatasan peralatan medis dan kurangnya tenaga yang kompeten dalam pengelolaan keuangan. Pelatihan pengelolaan keuangan pada staf puskesmas dan perekrutan tenaga berlatar belakang akuntansi penting untuk dilakukan.

 

Quality of Services in Health Care Center with General Services Agency Status

The policy of primary health care as local public service agencies (BLUD) was established to improve the quality of basic health care services. The public service agencies primary health care policy has been implemented to all primary health care in Gianyar district since 2010. The implementation does not always improving health service quality. This research was aimed to overview the quality of services in primary health care with general services agency status in Gianyar district. This research was a crosssectional study with mixed of quantitative and qualitative approaches.This research was conducted in Gianyar between August and December 2013. The quantitative data was collected through questionaire survey to 105 patients in four primary health care who were chosen with multistage random sampling technique. The qualitative data was collected through in-depth interviews to 13 health care providers in primary health care who were chosen with pusposive sampling. The quantitative data was analysed descriptively and the qualitative data was analysed using thematic analysis. The result of the study was primary health care quality in BLUD puskesmas with inpatient services was perceived as poor due to the limited availability of medical equipment and lack of staff who major in financial management. Training on financial management and recruitment of staff with accounting background should be conducted.


Keywords


Badan layanan umum; implementasi; kebijakan; puskesmas; Public service agencies; implementation; policy; primary health care

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v9i2.519

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