Burundi’s ‘Worst Enemy’: the Country’s Fight Against COVID-19

Emery Manirambona, Henna Reddy, Emmanuel Uwiringiyimana, Theogene Uwizeyimana, Archith Kamath, Sai Arathi Parepalli, Salvador Sun Ruzats, Blaise Ntacyabukura, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Attaullah Ahmadi, Don Eliseo Lucero-Prisno III

Abstract


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has proved to be a severe global public health threat, causing high infection rates and mortality worldwide. Burundi was not spared the adverse health outcomes of COVID-19. Although Burundi’s initial response to the COVID-19 pandemic was criticized, hope arose in June 2020 when the new government instituted a plan to slow virus transmission that included public health campaigns, international travel restrictions, and mass testing, all of which proved effective. Burundi has faced many challenges in containing the virus, the first of which was the lack of initial preparedness and appropriate response to COVID-19. This was exacerbated by factors including shortages of personal protective equipment (PPE), limited numbers of life-saving ventilators (around 12 ventilators as of April 2020), and the presence of only one COVID-19 testing center with less than ten technicians in July 2020. Moreover, as Burundi is amongst the poorest countries in the world, some citizens were unable to access necessities such as water and soap, required for compliance with government recommendations regarding hygiene. Interestingly, Burundi did not implement a nationwide lockdown, allowing mass gatherings and public services to continue as usual due to a firm belief in God’s protection. As the daily confirmed cases have tripled since December 2020, Burundi must prepare itself for the threat of a new wave. Establishing precautionary measures to contain the virus and strengthening the health surveillance system in Burundi would significantly positively impact the prevention and management of COVID-19.


Keywords


Burundi, challenges, COVID-19, health policy, strengths

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v0i0.5029

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