Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Health Personnel in Responding to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia
The COVID-19 pandemic, originated in China, has spread to worldwide, including Indonesia. Until July 2021, the growth rate has been gradually increasing, and cases have been found in all 34 provinces of Indonesia. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) of health personnel in the primary health care towards the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia using online self-report questionnaire. A total of 440 respondents contributed to this online survey. The average level of KAP were 7.7 out of 10.0, 14.3 out of 15.0, and 31.9 out of 36.0, respectively. There was no significant association between respondents’ characteristics (sex, marital status, and age) and their KAP for all variables showed p-value>0.05. It can be concluded that the level of KAP was good, despite the respondents’ characteristics that had no association with KAP.
1. Tantrakarnapa K, Bhopdhornangkul B, Nakhaapakorn K. Influencing factors of COVID-19 spreading: a case study of Thailand. Journal of Public Health. 2020; 1–7.
2. Ryu S, Chun BC, of Epidemiology KS. An interim review of the epidemiological characteristics of 2019 novel coronavirus. Epidemiology and Health. 2020; 42.
3. Lone SA, Ahmad A. COVID-19 pandemic–an African perspective. Emerging Microbes & Infections. 2020; 9 (1): 1300–8.
4. Shereen MA, Khan S, Kazmi A, Bashir N, Siddique R. COVID-19 infection: origin, transmission, and characteristics of human coronaviruses. Journal of Advanced Research. 2020; 24: 91–8.
5. Ali SA, Baloch M, Ahmed N, Ali AA, Iqbal A. The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)—an emerging global health threat. Journal of Infection and Public Health. 2020; 13 (4): 644–6.
6. Chakraborty I, Maity P. COVID-19 outbreak: migration, effects on society, global environment and prevention. Science of the Total Environment. 2020; 728: 138882.
7. World Health Organization. WHO coronavirus (COVID-19) dashboard; 2021.
8. Mhango M, Dzobo M, Chitungo I, Dzinamarira T. COVID-19 risk factors among health workers: a rapid review. Safety and Health at Work. 2020; 11 (3): 262–5.
9. Shamasunder S, Holmes SM, Goronga T, Carrasco H, Katz E, Frankfurter R, et al. COVID-19 reveals weak health systems by design: why we must re-make global health in this historic moment. Global Public Health. 2020; 15 (7): 1083–9.
10. Bonell C, Michie S, Reicher S, West R, Bear L, Yardley L, et al. Harnessing behavioural science in public health campaigns to maintain ‘social distancing’ in response to the COVID-19 pandemic: key principles. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2020; 74 (8):617–9.
11. Hennekens CH, George S, Adirim TA, Johnson H, Maki DG. The emerging pandemic of coronavirus and the urgent need for public health leadership. The American Journal of Medicine. 2020; 133 (6):648–50.
12. Azlan AA, Hamzah MR, Sern TJ, Ayub SH, Mohamad E. Public knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19: a cross-sectional study in Malaysia. PLoS One. 2020;15 (5): e0233668.
13. Zhong B, Luo W, Li H, Zhang Q, Liu X, Li W, et al. Knowledge , attitudes , and practices towards COVID-19 among Chinese residents during the rapid rise period of the COVID-19 outbreak : a quick online cross-sectional survey. The International Journal of Biological Sciences. 2020; 16 (10): 1745–52.
14. Ferdous MZ, Islam MS, Sikder MT, Mosaddek ASM, Zegarra-Valdivia JA, Gozal D. Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19 outbreak in Bangladesh: an online-based cross-sectional study. PLoS One. 2020; 15 (10): e0239254.
15. Akalu Y, Ayelign B, Molla MD. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards COVID-19 among chronic disease patients at Addis Zemen Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. Infection and Drug Resistance. 2020; 13: 1949.
16. Enenche F, Saleh A, Owoicho S, Abraham N, Jauro S, Madukaji L, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practice among healthcare workers towards COVID-19 outbreak in Nigeria. Heliyon. 2020; 6: e05557.
17. Chatterjee PK. Community preparedness for COVID 19 and frontline health workers in Chhattisgarh. Indian Journal of Public Health. 2020; 64: 102–4.
18. Ogolodom M, AN M, Alazigha N, Erondu O, Egbe N, Golden I, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and fears of health care workers towards the corona virus disease (COVID-19) pandemic in South-South, Nigeria. Health Science Journal. 2020; 19: 1–11.
19. Nienhaus A, Hod R. COVID-19 among health workers in Germany and Malaysia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17 (January): 1–10.
20. Alrasheed MM, Alsugair AM, Almarzouqi HF, Alonazi GK. Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice of security and safety workers toward the COVID-19 Pandemic: a cross-sectional study. Frontiers in Public Health. 2021; 9: 1–13.
21. Temsah M, Huzaimi A Al, Alrabiaah A, Alamro N, Al-sohime F, Al-eyadhy A, et al. Changes in healthcare workers ’ knowledge, attitudes, practices, and stress during the COVID-19 pandemic. Medicine (Baltimore). 2021; 18: 1–10.
22. Reuben RC, Danladi MMA, Saleh DA, Ejembi PE. Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards COVID-19: an epidemiological survey in North-Central Nigeria. Journal of Community Health. 2021; 46 (3):457–70.
23. Al-Hanawi MK, Angawi K, Alshareef N, Qattan A, Helmy HZ, Abudawood Y, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice toward COVID-19 among the public in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. Frontiers in Public Health. 2020; 8: 217.
24. World Health Organization. Indonesia received the first batch of COVID-19 vaccines from the COVAX Facility; 2021.
25. Adinugraha HH, Tanjung DS, Rismawati SD, Ma’shum AH, Arwani A, Devy HS, et al. Factors affecting health worker performance: a management evidence from midwife Sharia Hospital X in Central Java Indonesia before the Covid-19 pandemic. Korean Journal of Food & Health Convergence. 2021; 7 (3): 13–23.
26. Yin L, Aidan W, Tan L, Jian V, Lee M, Paul M, et al. Healthcare workers in Singapore infected with COVID-19: 23 January-17 April 2020. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses. 2021; 15: 218–26.
27. Chu E, Lee K, Stotts R, Benjenk I, Ho G, Yamane D, et al. Hospital-based health care worker perceptions of personal risk related to COVID-19. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. 2021; 34: 103–12.
28. Mohd H, Sahimi S, Iryani T, Daud M, Chan LF. Depression and suicidal ideation in a sample of Malaysian healthcare workers: a preliminary study during the COVID-19 pandemic. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2021; 12: 1–9.
29. Peng M, Wang L, Xue Q, Yin L, Zhu B, Wang K, et al. Post-COVID-19 epidemic: allostatic load among medical and nonmedical workers in China. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. 2021; 90 (45): 127–36.
30. Bohlken J, Schomig F, Lemke MR, Pumberger M, Riedel-Heller SG. COVID-19 pandemic: stress experience of healthcare workers. Übersicht. 2020; 47: 190–7.
31. Ochoa-hein E, Rajme-lópez S, Leal-morán PE, Vargas-fernández AT, González-lara MF, Alberto-hernández MF, et al. Factors associated with COVID-19 and asymptomatic carriage in healthcare workers of a COVID-19 hospital. Revista de Investigación CLÍNICA. 2021; 73 (2):65–71.
32. Cdr S, Behera V, Capt S, Kumar P, Vsm S, Jayaramachandran MJ, et al. COVID-19 in healthcare workers: a review of existing literature. Journal of Marine Medical Society. 2020; 22: S36-45.
33. Forrest CB, Xu H, Thomas LE, Webb LE, Cohen LW, Carey TS, et al. Impact of the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic on US healthcare workers : results from the HERO Registry. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2021; 36 (5): 1319–26.
34. Ng WT. Short communication COVID -19: protection of workers at the workplace in Singapore. Safety and Health at Work. 2021; 12 (1):133–5.
35. Hartuti EP, Suryani D, Edwin VA, Suyitno M. The obedience of medical personnel to using personal protective equipment in preventing the transmission of COVID-19 at a private hospital in Indonesia. Public Health of Indonesia. 2021; 7 (2): 67–74.
36. Temkin E, Worker H, Working C-S. Extremely low prevalence of asymptomatic COVID-19 among healthcare workers caring for COVID-19 patients in Israeli hospitals: a cross-sectional study. Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 2021; 27: 130.e1e130.e4.
37. Greene J, Gibson DM. Workers at long-term care facilities and their risk for severe COVID-19 illness. Preventive Medicine (Baltim). 2020;143: 106328.
38. Xiao J, Fang M, Chen Q, He B. SARS, MERS and COVID-19 among healthcare workers : a narrative review. Journal of Infection and Public Health. 2021; 13 (6): 843–8.
39. Helmi, Hafrida, Kusniati R. Health workers ’ legal protection policy to the coronavirus disease 19 (Covid-19) containment measures. FIATJUSTISIA. 2021; 15 (1): 51–74
- There are currently no refbacks.