Entomological Index and Home Environment Contribution­ ­to Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Mataram City, Indonesia

Tri Baskoro Tunggul Satoto, Nur Alvira Pascawati, Tri Wibawa, Roger Frutos, Sylvie Maguin, I Kadek Mulyawan, Ali Wardana

Abstract


Indonesia is a member of South-East Asia Regional Office (SEARO) was ranked first in Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) problem based on incidence rate (IR) and case fatality rate (CFR). Several provinces in Indonesia experience an outbreak, one of which is the Mataram City. Mataram City is an endemic area of DHF because the DHF case are always found in three  consecutive years with the number of cases that fluctuated and tend to increase. This study aimed to obtain factors that could be used to improve early warning systems in controlling DHF. This study used a case control design with a ratio of 1:1 to 180 house­holds. The results showed that home enviroment factors such as the no ceiling, indoor and outdoor temperature had the potential to breeding places for mosquitoes, no wire net in ventilation, low lighting and high humadity related to DHF transmission. Vector distibution with entomology index showed the existance of larvae, eggs and mosquitoes play a role in dengue transmission. The dominant factors affecting the transmission of dengue in Mataram City are the condition of the ceiling and the existence of mosquito eggs in the house.


Keywords


dengue hemorrhagic fever, entomolgy index, home enviroment, Mataram

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v15i1.3294

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