Utilization of Styrofoam ss Soundproofing Material with Auditory Frequency Range
One of preventive action methods of hearing loss that number tend to increase is by using brick that made from Styrofoam which is expected to have the ability as a soundproof that can be used to control the noise. The aim of this research is to assess the use of sound absorption material in which utilizing Styrofoam to reduce the noise exposure. In this study, cement and find aggregate that contain the Styrofoam and sand are mixed with the composition 1:4 and 1:6 and also by adding the polystyrene waste as much as 0%, 20%, 40%, 60%, and 80%. To determine the acoustical property of the mixture, the sound absorbing coefficient (α) was determined by using Four Microphones Impedance Tube (ISO 140-3). The results showed that the highest absorption coefficient value was at frequency 800 Hz by adding 80% Styrofoam for the composition of 1:4 at 0.4100 dB and at the frequency 800 Hz by adding 40% Styrofoam for the composition 1:6 at 0.5870 dB. Based on the results of this research, further study to potentially use Styrofoam as noise barrier is suggested.
styrofoam, noise, sound absorption coefficient, sound transmission loss
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