Family Support as a Factor Influencing the Provision of Exclusive Breastfeeding among Adolescent Mothers in Bantul, Yogyakarta

Maulida Lailatussu’da, Niken Meilani, Nanik Setiyawati, Sammy Onyapidi Barasa

Abstract


The number of adolescent pregnancies in Indonesia is still very high. Sewon Subdistrict had the highest number of adolescent deliveries in Bantul District in 2015-2016. This study aimed to determine factors influencing exclusive breastfeeding among adolescent mothers in Sewon Subdistrict, Bantul District. This study used cross-sectional study design and a sample size of 45 that were adolescent mothers of 6-24-month-old infants. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire. Data analysis involved bivariate analysis using chi-square test and fisher’s exact test, while multivariate analysis used logistic regression.
Results showed that 53.3% of adolescent mothers did not practice exclusive breastfeeding. Bivariate analysis showed that pregnancy status (p value = 0.029), perception of childbirth experience (p value = 0.045), perception of breastfeeding (p value = 0.005), husband support (p value = 0.009) and family support (p value = 0.000) were correlated to exclusive breasfeeding. Multivariate analysis showed that perception of breastfeeding (p value = 0.015; OR = 9.746) and family support (p value = 0.014; OR = 7.637) as the most influential factors to exclusive breastfeeding among adolescent mothers with a probability of 72.7%.
There is low practice of exclusive breastfeeding among adolescent mothers in Bantul, Yogyakarta and family support is the most dominant factors influencing exclusive breastfeeding.

Abstrak
Kehamilan remaja di Indonesia cukup tinggi. Kecamatan Sewon memiliki angka persalinan remaja tertinggi di Kabupaten Bantul pada tahun 2015-2016. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi pemberian ASI eksklusif pada ibu usia remaja di Kecamatan Sewon, Kabupaten Bantul. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain potong lintang dan sampel penelitian berjumlah 45 orang ibu usia remaja yang mempunyai bayi usia 6-24 bulan. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner terstruktur. Analisis bivariat menggunakan kai kuadrat dan fisher’s exact test, sedangkan analisis multivariat menggunakan regresi logistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 53.3% ibu usia remaja tidak memberikan ASI eksklusif. Analisis bivariat menunjukkan faktor
status kehamilan (nilai p = 0.029), persepsi pengalaman melahirkan (nilai p= 0.045), persepsi menyusui (nilai p= 0.005), dukungan suami (nilai p= 0.009), dukungan keluarga (nilai p = 0,000) berhubungan dengan pemberian ASI eksklusif. Hasil analisis multivariat menunjukkan persepsi menyusui (nilai p = 0.015; RP = 9.746) dan faktor dukungan keluarga (nilai p = 0,014; RP = 7,637) sebagai faktor yang paling berpengaruh terhadap pemberian ASI eksklusif dengan probabilitas sebesar 72.7%. Masih rendahnya pemberian ASI ekslusif pada ibu remaja di Bantul, Yogyakarta, dan dukungan keluarga merupakan faktor paling dominan yang memengaruhi pemberian ASI eksklusif pada ibu usia remaja.

Keywords


Adolescent mother, breastfeeding, family, support

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v12i3.1692

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