e-ISSN 2598-3849       print ISSN 2527-8878

Vol 6, No 2 (2021)

Pengaruh Pembatasan Sosial dan Variabel Ekonomi Terhadap Prevalensi Pandemi Covid-19 di Provinsi Jawa Barat

Jordi Aperdanaste, Alfiah Hasanah, Adiatma Yudistira Manogar Siregar

Abstract


Ada banyak faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi pembatasan sosial terhadap penurunan jumlah kasus Covid-19 di 27 Kota dan Kabupaten di Provinsi Jawa Barat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh dari pembatasan sosial dan variabel ekonomi terhadap pandemi Covid-19 di Provinsi Jawa Barat. Penelitian ini menggunakan beberapa data yang bersumber dari Pusat Informasi & Koordinasi Covid-19 Provinsi Jawa Barat, dan Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Barat. Variabel terikat pada penelitian ini adalah rata-rata penambahan kasus harian Covid-19. Sedangkan, variabel bebas pada penelitian ini adalah dummy pembatasan sosial, kepadatan penduduk, PDRB per kapita, tingkat pendidikan, tingkat mobilitas, tingkat pengangguran, jumlah tenaga kesehatan, persentase penduduk miskin, dan angka harapan hidup. Semua data tersebut dikumpulkan dalam periode antara 2 Maret 2020 hingga 2 Maret 2021 yang terdiri dari 17 periode berdasarkan Surat Keputusan Gubernur Jawa Barat. Analisis data panel dengan pendekatan Feasible Generalized Least Square (FGLS) diterapkan dengan menggunakan perangkat lunak Stata MP-64. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pembatasan sosial, kepadatan penduduk, tingkat pengangguran, dan jumlah tenaga kesehatan berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap penurunan kasus Covid-19 di Provinsi Jawa Barat. PDRB per kapita berpengaruh positif terhadap penurunan kasus Covid-19, namun tidak signifikan. Tingkat pendidikan, tingkat mobilitas, persentase penduduk miskin, dan angka harapan hidup berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap penurunan kasus Covid-19 di Provinsi Jawa Barat. Oleh karena itu, pembatasan sosial merupakan kebijakan yang tepat guna menurunkan pandemi Covid-19 di Provinsi Jawa Barat.


Keywords


Pembatasan Sosial; Pandemi; Covid-19; Jawa Barat; FGLS

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Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.7454/eki.v6i2.5218

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