Perilaku Menyusui Bayi pada Etnik Bugis di Pekkae, 2003

Asiah Hamzah

Abstract


Studi penilaian ASI di Kabupaten Barru tahun 1998, menemukan 99,0% bayi dan balita masih mendapat ASI. Namun, bayi baru lahir tidak diberi ASI pada jam pertama, Pemberian ASI pada hari I (40,6%) masih rendah, masih banyak yang memberikan hari II (18,4%), dan hari III (41,0%). Umumnya bayi mendapat kolostrom (83,2%) dan ASI (99,0%), tetapi sekitar 75% bayi mendapat makanan prelakteal. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui perilaku menyusui bayi pada etnik Bugis Kecamatan Tanete Rilau Kabupaten Barru. Metode penelitian yang dilakukan adalah metode kualitatif dengan paradigma etnometodologi dan interaksi simbolik. Pradigma etnometodologi digunakan untuk mengetahui makna perilaku ibu dalam menyusui bayi menurut etnik Bugis. Pradigma interaksi simbolik digunakan untuk mengetahui simbol terpola berdasar Significant Others Dan Generalized Others. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perilaku menyusui orang Bugis tidak terlepas dari Siri’, dari sudut pandang antropologi politik orang Bugis dimasa lalu. Siri’ tidak lain dari inti kebudayaan Bugis yang mendominasi serta menjadi kekuatan pendorong terhadap Pangngadereng selaku wujud totalitas kebudayaan Bugis. Perilaku perempuan Bugis mulai dari hamil sampai melahirkan serta menyusui berdasarkan Significant Others dan Generalized Others. Perilaku tersebut tidak terlepas dari ininnawa madeceng (harapan yang baik) kepada anak yang terkait nilai normatif masyarakat Bugis.

Kata kunci: Perilaku menyusui, etnik bugis

Breast feeding evaluation study in District of Barru in 1998, showed that about 99, 0% infants and under five years old children is still breastfed. However, the newborn babies were not breastfed during the first hour but instead were breastfed in the first day (40, 6%), second day (18, 4%), and the third day (41, 0%). Generally the colostrum is given to newborn infant (83,2%) and most of the infant are breastfed (99,0%), but about 75% of the infant are given the prelacteal feeding. This research aimed to understand breastfeeding behavior in Pekkae community, at Tenete Rilau district, Barru regency. This study was conducted in a qualitative approach setting using ethnological and symbolic interactions approaches. Ethnological paradigm was used to understand mother’s behavior based on significant others and generalized other. There were 13 respondents involved in this study consisting of breastfeeding mothers liv- ing in Pekkae village, Barru regency. The result of this study showed that the behavior on breastfeeding closely associated with a cultural belief so – called ‘siri’, which is one of the important buginese cultures inspiring the buginese social livelihood. The behavior of buginese mothers from pregnancy until birth and breastfeeding can be considered as ‘significant others’ and ‘generalized others. This behavior is also attributed to ‘ininnawa madeceng’ (good hope) from the parents so that their children may become good people based on buginese normative culture.

Key words: Breast feeding behavior, buginese ethnic

Abstract


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v1i5.290

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