Pengaruh Perawatan Metode Kanguru terhadap Respons Fisiologis Bayi Prematur

Deswita Deswita, Besral Besral, Yeni Rustina

Abstract


Saat ini, perawatan metode kanguru mulai dianjurkan bagi bayi prematur karena kelahiran prematur dan bayi dengan berat badan lahir rendah merupakan salah satu penyebab kematian bayi terbesar. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh perawatan metode kanguru terhadap
respons fisiologis bayi prematur. Desain quasi experiment one group pre and post-test dilakukan di 2 rumah sakit di Jakarta. Sebanyak 16 bayi prematur yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dipilih sebagai sampel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh yang bermakna dari perawatan
metode kanguru terhadap respons fisiologis bayi prematur seperti peningkatan suhu tubuh ke arah suhu nornal (p value = 0,000), peningkatan frekuensi denyut jantung ke arah normal (p value = 0,003), dan peningkatan saturasi oksigen ke arah normal (p value = 0,023). Oleh karena itu, metode
perawatan kanguru merupakan cara yang efektif, mudah, dan murah untuk merawat bayi prematur.

Kata kunci: Bayi prematur, perawatan metode kanguru, fisiologis bayi

Abstract

As premature birth and low birth weight are the main cause of neonatal mortality, kangaroo mother care is now suggested to care premature infants. The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of kangaroo mother care on physiological response of preterm infants. A quasi experiment design
with one group pre and post test design was conducted in two hospitals in Jakarta. Sixteen preterm infants matching the inclusive criteria were selected as sample. The study found significant effect of kangaroo mother care intervention on physiological response of preterm infants, i.e. increasing body temperature to normal (p value = 0,000), increasing heart
rate to normal (p value = 0,003), and increasing oxygen saturation (p value = 0,023). Therefore, the kangaroo mother care is therefore an effective, simple, and cheap method to care the preterm infants. 

Key words: Preterm infants, kangaroo mother care, physiological responses


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v5i5.131

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