The Relationship between Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with Chronic Kidney Disease In Indonesian Population In 2014-2015 (Data Analysis of IFLS 5)
In 2010, the Global Burden of Disease research revealed that cases of chronic kidney disease had increased and became a serious health problem. Indonesia Basic Health Research data in 2013 revealed that the proportion of patients with chronic kidney failure aged ≥ 15 years old based on doctor's diagnosis was 0,2% and 0,6% kidney stones. Therefore the aim of the study is to analyze the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease in the population of Indonesia in 2014-2015. This type of research is observational with a cross-sectional design. The study used secondary data from the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) 5 in 2014-2015. The sampling technique used total sampling, which found 34,012 people who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The independent variables of this study are type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease as the dependent variable. Covariate variables are age, sex, smoking status, history of hypertension, and history of high cholesterol. Analysis bivariate of the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease in this study using chi square and multivariate analysis using logistic regression test. The magnitude of the effect expressed in the prevalence odds ratio (POR) with confident interval (CI: 95%.) This study shows the prevalence of chronic kidney disease in Indonesia population in 2014 – 2015 is 1%. The result of chi-square test of the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease in the Indonesian population showed POR=2.48 (p-value =0.0002; 95%CI 1.422-4.071). Multivariate analysis with logistic regression tests shows that smoking status, history of high cholesterol, and history of hypertension influence the relationship of type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease.
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